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Fazle Ghafar Hamza Ahmad Qureshi Muhammad Hammad Muhammad Safdar Inam Yaha Jan Umar Farooq


 It is crucial to determine the shear strength parameters (Cohesion (C) and Angle of internal friction (Φ) ) in order to encounter soil stability issues such as slope stability, bearing capacity and lateral earth pressure on retaining structures. The shear strength of cohesive soils is an essential parameter in Geotechnical Engineering design and construction. In Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KPK), Pakistan, the soil is predominantly cohesive. it is essential to evaluate these parameters accurately to ensure safety and stability in civil engineering structures. In this research an effort has been made to evaluate statistically shear strength parameters of cohesive soils in KPK Pakistan. Engineers and construction experts can use the study's findings to influence judgments about the design and building of structures in the area. It highlights the importance of conducting proper soil testing and analysis before designing and constructing any engineering structure in the region. The study was conducted by collecting soil samples from different locations in KPK including Peshawar, Charsadda, Bannu, Swabi, Nowshera, Swat, Abbottabad, Haripur, Lakki Marwat, Tribal Areas, DI Khan, Mardan, and Kohat. The results of the statistical analysis indicate that the Cohesion(C) and Angle of Internal Friction (Φ) in KPK vary significantly across different locations, they are also presented in map of KPK showing values of Cohesion and Angle of Internal Friction using QGIS software. The average values of Cohesion (C) range from 12-47 kPa while mean values of Angle of Internal Friction (Φ) range from 16.2 – 41.1 degrees. The Standard Deviation & Coefficient of Variation was relatively high, indicating significant variation within each location.

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GHAFAR, Fazle et al. INVESTIGATING SHEAR STRENGTH CHARACTERISTICS OF COHESIVE SOILS: STATISTICAL ANALYSIS IN KPK, PAKISTAN. Journal of Mountain Area Research, [S.l.], v. 9, p. 123-137, may 2024. ISSN 2518-850X. Available at: <>. Date accessed: 27 may 2024. doi:
Earth Sciences

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