STATISTICAL ANALYSIS OF COVID-19 VACCINATIONS: KARACHI AS A CASE STUDY

Main Article Content

Danish Hassan Usama Raza Zaubaria Malick Abu Bakar Hamza Khan Muhammad Danish Khan Kashif Javed

Abstract

The entire world has started to vaccinate their respective countries' citizens to get rid of COVID-19 from their country. Likewise other countries, Pakistan has also started the vaccination process for its citizens and unlike the rest of the world, there have been different types of vaccines in Pakistan with different manufacturers and with different immunity booster levels. Through statistical analysis of vaccination in this research paper, we have tried to understand the diverse level of vaccines in Karachi and tried to get an understanding of the vaccination process happening in Karachi. For this kind of research, we have maintained the questionnaire and spread it through emails, WhatsApp, and Facebook.  The questionnaire was sent to about 500 people from July to August 2021. The results obtained depict the satisfaction of the vaccination process with normal side effects. Unlike other countries, Pakistan is among the countries where the mass vaccination process has always been very difficult to conduct. Further using the data of seven stations for prediction purposes Multiple Linear Regression (MLR) models were constructed. A better future trend analysis of COVID-19 can be observed using these constructed models. The data for the time series modeling from, 1st January 2021 to 25 August 2021, was taken from National Command and Control (NCOC) Pakistan.

Article Details

How to Cite
HASSAN, Danish et al. STATISTICAL ANALYSIS OF COVID-19 VACCINATIONS: KARACHI AS A CASE STUDY. Journal of Mountain Area Research, [S.l.], v. 7, p. 63-69, may 2022. ISSN 2518-850X. Available at: <https://journal.kiu.edu.pk/index.php/JMAR/article/view/140>. Date accessed: 25 sep. 2022. doi: https://doi.org/10.53874/jmar.v7i0.140.
Section
Mathematical Sciences

References

[1] Chandir, S., Siddiqi, D. A., Mehmood, M., Setayesh, H., Siddique, M., Mirza, A., ... & Khan, A. J. Impact of COVID-19 pandemic response on uptake of routine immunizations in Sindh, Pakistan: an analysis of provincial electronic immunization registry data. Vaccine, 38(2020) 7146-7155.
[2] https://www.worldometers.info/world-population/pakistan-population/
[3] Dror, A. A., Eisenbach, N., Taiber, S., Morozov, N. G., Mizrachi, M., Zigron, A., ... & Sela, E. Vaccine hesitancy: the next challenge in the fight against COVID-19. European journal of epidemiology, 35(2020) 775-779.
[4] https://www.aa.com.tr/en/asia-pacific/pakistan-to-start-covid-19-vaccination-drive-in-april/2063354
[5] https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2021/2/ /pakistan-receives-first-shipment-of-coronavirus-vaccine
[6] Escobar, L. E., Molina-Cruz, A., & Barillas-Mury, C. BCG vaccine protection from severe coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 117(2020) 17720-17726.
[7] Gong, W., Taighoon Shah, M., Firdous, S., Jarrett, B. A., Moulton, L. H., Moss, W. J., ... & Chandir, S. Comparison of three rapid household survey sampling methods for vaccination coverage assessment in a peri-urban setting in Pakistan. International journal of epidemiology, 48(2019) 583-595.
[8] Jawed, F., Manazir, S., Zehra, A., & Riaz, R. The novel Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic: Knowledge, attitude, practice, and perceived stress among health care workers in Karachi, Pakistan. Medical Journal of the Islamic Republic of Iran, 34(2020) 132.
[9] Uyanık, G. K., & Güler, N. A study on multiple linear regression analysis. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 106(2013) 234-240.
[10] Wang, B., & Zhang, J. Multiple linear regression analysis of lncRNA–disease association prediction based on clinical prognosis data. BioMed research international, (2018).
[11] Rath, S., Tripathy, A., & Tripathy, A. R. Prediction of new active cases of coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic using multiple linear regression model. Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research & Reviews, 14(2020) 1467-1474.
[12] Karlsson, L. C., Soveri, A., Lewandowsky, S., Karlsson, L., Karlsson, H., Nolvi, S., ... & Antfolk, J. Fearing the disease or the vaccine: The case of COVID-19. Personality and individual differences, 172(2021) 110590.
[13] Malik, A., Malik, J., & Ishaq, U. Acceptance of COVID-19 vaccine in Pakistan among health care workers. medRxiv (2021).
[14] https://gulfnews.com/world/asia/ pakistan/pakistan-sees-clear-early-signs-of-4th-covid-19-wave-1.80541720
[15] Salman, M., Mustafa, Z., Asif, N., Zaidi, H. A., Shehzadi, N., Khan, T. M., ... & Hussain, K. Knowledge, attitude and preventive practices related to COVID-19 among health professionals of Punjab province of Pakistan. The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries, 14(2020) 707-712.
[16] https://www.geo.tv/latest/361517-sindh-govt-asks-ncoc-to-block-sims-of-unvaccinated-people
[17] Stephenson, K. E., Le Gars, M., Sadoff, J., De Groot, A. M., Heerwegh, D., Truyers, C., ... & Barouch, D. H. Immunogenicity of the Ad26. COV2. S Vaccine for COVID-19. Jama, 325(2021) 1535-1544.
[18] https://ncoc.gov.pk/facilities/MVCs_ CVCs.pdf
[19] http://www.emro.who.int/media/news/ pakistan-receives-first-consignment-of-covid-19-vaccines-via-covax-facility.html
[20] https://www.geo.tv/latest/361681-pakistan-receives-second-batch-of-moderna-coronavirus-vaccine
[21] https://www.thenews.com.pk/latest/ 852459-pakistan-receives-consignment-of-155mn-doses-of-sinovac-vaccine
[22] https://www.aa.com.tr/en/asia-pacific/pakistan-gets-1st-batch-of-china-s-cansino-vaccine/2193798
[23] https://www.aa.com.tr/en/asia-pacific/pakistan-receives-1st-batch-of-pfizer-vaccine/2258077
[24] https://www.aa.com.tr/en/asia-pacific/pakistan-receives-1st-batch-of
pfizervaccine/2258077https://www. thenews.com.pk/amp/836458-very-few-side-effects-reported-from-vaccines-in-pakistan-sapm-sultan
[25] https://docs.google.com/forms/d/ 1c1Dw0GljqEbax9BFiTIqnA06AL8jwsDznJLDppxbg7c

Most read articles by the same author(s)