Main Article Content

M. A. Kashem A. Ahmed S. Hoque M. Z. Hossain


This study examined the effects of land use change on the physico-chemical properties of top soil in the deciduous Sal forest of Bangladesh. Relatively less disturbed Sal (Shorea robusta Roxb. Ex Gaertn.) forest stands and the nearby stands those were converted into Acacia (Acacia auriculiformis Benth.) plantation and pineapple (Ananus comosus (L.) Merr.) cultivation were selected to examine the effects of land use change on soil properties. For each land use type, soil samples were collected from 4 locations, 50m distant from each other, as replicates. Soil samples were collected at 0-5, 5-10, and 10-15 cm depths. Soil moisture content, conductivity, pH organic C, total N and total P were determined as soil properties. Leaf litter of Sal, Acacia and pineapple was incubation for 90 and 180 days in independent identical soil in order to examine the effects of plant species through leaf litter on the soil chemical nutrient (N and P) status. Data showed that soil moisture content, conductivity and pH were significantly affected by land use but not by depth. However, soil organic C was affected by both land-use type (P< 0.02) and soil depth (P< 0.003), although no significant interactions appeared between these two factors. Soil total N and P did not differ between land use types but by depth and, N and P contents decreased with the increase of depth. Rates of nutrients (N and P) released from Sal, Acacia and pineapple did not differ significantly among them during incubation. Results of the present study reveal that properties of the top soil of the Madhupur Sal forest are different in their responses to the varying land uses. The findings of this study are thus relevant for the sustainable management of the deciduous Sal forest ecosystems.

Article Details

How to Cite
KASHEM, M. A. et al. EFFECTS OF LAND-USE CHANGE ON THE PROPERTIES OF TOP SOIL OF DECIDUOUS SAL FOREST IN BANGLADESH. Journal of Mountain Area Research, [S.l.], v. 1, p. 5-12, aug. 2016. ISSN 2518-850X. Available at: <https://journal.kiu.edu.pk/index.php/JMAR/article/view/7>. Date accessed: 31 oct. 2020.
Biological Sciences


P.A. Matson, K.A. Lohse, S.J. Hall, The globalization of nitrogen deposition: consequences for terrestrial ecosystems. Ambio. 31 (2002)113-119.

D. Murty, M.U.F. Kirschbaum, R.E. Mcmurtrie, H. Mcgilvray, Does conversion of forest to agricultural land change soil carbon and nitrogen? A review of the literature, Global Change Biology 8 (2002) 105-123.

X.M. Fang, F.S. Chen, S.Z. Wan, Q.P. Yang, J.M. Shi, Top soil and deep soil organic carbon concentration and stability vary with aggregate size and vegetation type in subtropical China. PLOS ONE 10(9): (2015) e0139380.doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0139380.

N. Brunel, F. Meza, R. Ros, F. Santibáñez, Effects of topsoil loss on wheat productivity in dryland zones of Chile. J. Soil Sci. Plant Nutr. 11(2011) 129-137.

R.J. Harper, M. Tibbett, The hidden organic carbon in deep mineral soils. Plant Soil 368 (2013) 641–648.

C. Rumpel, L. Koegel-Knabner, Deep soil organic matter-a key but poorly understood component of terrestrial C cycle. Plant Soil 338 (2011) 143–158.

K.B.S. Rasheed, Participatory forestry as a strategy for reforestation in Bangladesh. Geo Journal 37 (1995) 39-44.

S.G. Baer, J.M. Blair, S. Collins., A.K. Knapp, Soil resources regulate productivity and diversity in newly established tallgrass prairie. Ecology 84 (2003) 724-735.

E.B. Manalo, Agro-climatic survey of Bangladesh. BRRI/IRRI. Los Banos, Leguna, Philippines (1976).

C.Q. Ghani, A. Alim, P.R. Stevens, Rehabilitation and land use planning of Sal forests, parts I, II, and III. FAO/UNDP Project 85/085, Assistance to the forestry sector, Phase II, Dhaka, FAO (1990).

C.A. Black, Methods of soil and plant analysis. Part I and II. American Society of Agronomy (1965).

M.L. Jackson. Soil Chemical Analysis. Prentice-Hall. NJ (1958).

V. Agoumé, A.P. Birang, Impact of Land-use Systems on some Physical and Chemical Soil Properties of an Oxisol in the Humid Forest Zone of Southern Cameroon. TROPICULTURA 27 (2009) 15-20.

S.Y. Korkanc, N. Ozyuvaci, A. Hizal, Impacts of land use conversion on soil properties and soil erodibility. Journal of Environmental Biology 29 (2008) 363-370.

M.Z. Hossain, A. Okubo, S. Sugiyama, Effects of grassland species on decomposition of litter and soil microbial communities. Ecol Res. 25 (2010) 255-261.

A.E. Hoque, A.K.M. Nazrul-Islam, S.M.I. Hoque, Seasonal variation of edaphic features of Madhupur Sal forest, Bangladesh. Ecoprint 15 (2008) 7-14.

F. Xiangmin, W. Qingli, Z. Wangming, Z. Wei, W. Yawei, N. Lijun, D. Limin, Land use effects on soil organic carbon, microbial biomass and microbial activity in Changbai Mountains of Northeast China. Chin. Geogra. Sci. 24 (2014) 297–306.

G. Guggenberger, B.T. Christensen, W. Zech, Land use effects on the composition of organic matter in particle-size separates of soil: I Lignin and carbohydrate signature. Eur. J. Soil Sci. 45(1994) 449-458.

T. Chibsa, T.A. Asefa, Assessment of Soil Organic Matter under Four Land Use Systems in the Major Soils of Bale Highlands, South East Ethiopiab. Factors Affecting Soil Organic Matter Distribution. World Applied Sciences Journal 6 (2009) 1506-1512.

Z. Koukoura, A.P. Mamolos, K.L. Kalburtji, Decomposition of dominant plant species litter in a semi-arid grassland. Appl. Soil Ecol.23 (2003) 13–23.

T. Teklay, A. Nordgren, G. Nyberg, A. Malmer, Carbon mineralization of leaves from four Ethiopian agroforestry species under laboratory and field conditions. Appl. Soil. Ecol. 35 (2007) 193–202.

M.Z. Hossain, S. Sugiyama, Effects of chemical composition on the rate and temporal pattern of decomposition in grassland species leaf litter. Grassland Science 54 (2008) 40–44.

W.P.K. Findlay, Studies in the physiology of wood destroying Fungi. The effect of nitrogen content upon the rate of decay of timber. Annals of Botany 48, (1934) 109-117.

H.S. Miller, F.B. Smith, P.E. Brown, The rate of decomposition of various plant materials in soils. J. American Soc. Agr. 28 (1936) 914-923.

V. Geissen, R. Sánchez-Hernández, C. Kampichler, R. Ramos-Reyes, A. Sepulveda-Lozada, S. Ochoa-Goana, B.H.J. de Jong, E. Huerta-Lwanga, S. Hernández-Daumas, Effects of land-use change on some properties of tropical soils —An example from Southeast Mexico. Geoderma 151 (2009) 87–97.

D. Aran, M. Gury, E. Jeanroy, Organometallic complexes in an Andosol: a comparative study with a Cambisol and Podzol. Geoderma 99 (2001) 65–79.

W.E. Cotching, R.F. Allbrook, H.S. Gibbs, Influence of maize cropping on the soil structure of two soils in the Waikato district, New Zealand. New Zealand J.Agr. Res. 22 (1979) 431-438.

K.R. Islam, R.R. Weil, Land use effects on soil quality in a tropical forest ecosystem of Bangladesh. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment 79 (2000)9–16.